Probation and Parole »
State Parole [ 2006 | 2007 | 2008 | 2009 | 2010 | 2011 | 2012 | 2013 | 2014 | 2015 | 2016 ]
Click here for the FULL report
Parole from state prison is a conditional release that can occur only at the expiration of an offender’s minimum sentence or anytime thereafter but prior to the expiration of the maximum sentence. The Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole (PBPP) has decision-making authority for sentences with a two-year or more maximum. The PBPP has the authority to parole offenders, supervise offenders on parole, and recommit offenders due to parole violations as well as re-parole them. Released offenders remain on parole until the expiration of their maximum sentences. The PBPP also has supervision jurisdiction for sentences that county judges certify to the PBPP for parole or probation.
During 2011, the Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole (PBPP) made a total of 38,901 case decisions. These official actions include granting parole, re-paroling, and recommitting offenders.
Report | DATA | Printable Version
In terms of decisions to parole or refuse parole, 22,734 board actions were issued during 2011. Of these decisions, 40.2 percent were refused parole. Additionally, 53.0 percent were paroled or re-paroled to the community. Another 6.8 percent were paroled or re-paroled to detainer, meaning they began serving a second sentence in prison after they were paroled/re-paroled for the first sentence.
The PBPP made another 16,167 of other types of case decisions in 2011. There were 6,369 decisions, or 16.4 percent of all decisions, to recommit offenders who violated parole through committing a new crime or violating parole conditions. The PBPP officially accepted no requests from counties for special probation or special parole supervision as assigned by the court. Another 1,104 decisions were made to elaborate or amend a prior board action. Decisions for other types of administrative actions accounted for 8,694, or 22.3 percent of all decisions.
During 2011, for every 100,000 Pennsylvanians, PBPP supervised 255.8 offenders.
The rate of those added to PBPP supervision was slightly greater than the rate of those removed from supervision. During 2011, 130.3 offenders per 100,000 population were added to supervision status while 118.2 offenders per 100,000 were removed.
Comparing those offenders added to state supervision in 2011, the rate of those paroled was greater than that of those re-paroled. Of those removed from state supervision, the rate for those offenders reaching their maximum sentence ranked first (55.1 offenders per 100,000 Pennsylvanians). The rate of those recommitted to state prison for technical violations was greater than the rate of those recommitted for new convictions.
Offenders on state parole are supervised under graduated levels of supervision. These levels are determined by an assessment of risk, of failure, and social service needs using a risk assessment tool, the Level of Service Inventory-Revised. A higher score requires an intensified supervision plan.During 2011, an average of 28,129 offenders were supervised on parole by the PBPP. A greater proportion of these offenders scored in the lower levels of supervision. While 21.7 percent were supervised using maximum or enhanced/intensive protocols, 38.6 percent were supervised at the minimum level.
Offenders supervised by the PBPP are drawn from several jurisdictions. Offenders serving maximum sentences of five years or more are sentenced to state prison and receive a conditional release to state parole. Although offenders with maximum sentences between two and five years may be sentenced to either state prison or county jail, their parole falls under the PBPP. Offenders with maximum sentences of less than two years normally serve their sentences in county jails and under county parole supervision. However, in some instances, county courts will certify offenders for special parole supervision under the PBPP. As Mercer and Venango counties do not have county parole authorities, all their paroled offenders are supervised by the PBPP. Additionally, offenders sentenced to the State Boot Camp program are automatically released to state parole supervision upon successful completion of the program and prior to the completion of their minimum sentences. Last, the PBPP supervises offenders from other states who reside in Pennsylvania in accordance with the Interstate Compact Agreement.During 2011, 64.0 percent of the offenders under supervision of the PBPP were released from state correctional facilities while 4.8 percent were released from county jails. Additionally, 19.8 percent were pursuant to county requests for state parole supervision. These percentages have fluctuated very little in the past five years.
The majority of offenders supervised by PBPP are male and more than half are minorities. During 2011, 88.3 percent were male and 51.1 percent were minorities.
Further breakdowns show that nearly half, 47.4 percent, of parolees were minority males and another 40.9 percent were white males.
The differences in gender and race/ethnicity are greater in an analysis of population rates. During 2011, for every 100,000 males in Pennsylvania, 493.3 males were under state parole supervision compared to 62.3 females for every 100,000 females. For every 100,000 minority males, 1,272.2 minority males were state parolees while 288.6 white males were parolees for every 100,000 white males in Pennsylvania. The rate was also greater for minority females than white females, 94.6 and 53.8, respectively.
Copyright © 2019 Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. All Rights Reserved