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Aggravated Assault 2017 - Offenses

NUMBER AND RATE OF REPORTED AGGRAVATED ASSAULTS 2017


There were 23,309 aggravated assaults in 2017, which represented approximately 182.0 aggravated assaults per 100,000 Pennsylvanians. The total number of reported aggravated assault offenses increased by 1.6 percent from 2016 and decreased by 15.4 percent since 2008 (Figure 1). The rate at which aggravated assaults occurred per person increased by 1.4 percent since 2016 but decreased 17.8 percent since 2008.

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REGIONAL RATE OF REPORTED AGGRAVTED ASSAULTS PER 100,000 POPULATION 2017


Pennsylvania ranked high in aggravated assault arrest rates when compared to its surrounding states (Figure 6). Only Delaware (145.7) ranked higher than Pennsylvania (109.0) with Maryland (95.1), West Virginia (86.7), New Jersey (62.4), Ohio (46.9), and New York (40.9) ranking lower. Pennsylvania ranks above the average rate for the Northeast (88.5) and falls below the national average (119.4).

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RATE OF REPORTED AGGRAVTED ASSAULT PER 100,000 POPULATION FOR PENNSYLVANIA, THE NORTHEAST, AND THE NATION 2017


The aggravated assault offense rate trend decreased in all three areas in the past decade. Aggravated assault offenses fell by 17.8 percent in Pennsylvania, by 9.4 percent in the Northeast, and by 11.1 percent for the U.S (Figure 3). Pennsylvania saw
the largest decrease for these groups, falling below the average for the Northeast and the nation.

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RATE OF REPORTED AGGRATED ASSAULTS PER 100,000 COUNTY POPULATION 2017


The state’s average aggravated assault rate per 100,000 was 182.0 assaults person in 2017 (Figure 4). The five counties with the highest aggravated assault offense rates in 2017 were
Philadelphia (469.3), Carbon (283.5), Dauphin (273.8), Northampton (258.1), and Montour (240.8). The five counties with the lowest aggravated assault rates in 2017 were Cumberland (46.4), Centre (45.5), Clarion (44.2), Juniata (24.5), and Sullivan (16.4).

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Aggravated Assault 2017 - Arrests

NUMBER AND RATE OF ARRESTS FOR AGGRAVATED ASSAULTS 2017

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REGIONAL RATE OF ARRESTS FOR AGGRAVTED ASSAULTS PER 100,000 POPULATION 2017


Pennsylvania ranked high in aggravated assault arrest rates when compared to its surrounding states (Figure 6). Only Delaware (145.7) ranked higher than Pennsylvania (109.0) with Maryland (95.1), West Virginia (86.7), New Jersey (62.4), Ohio (46.9), and New York (40.9) ranking lower. Pennsylvania ranks above the average rate for the Northeast (88.5) and falls below the national average (119.4).

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RATE OF ARRESTS FOR AGGRAVTED ASSAULT PER 100,000 POPULATION FOR PENNSYLVANIA, THE NORTHEAST, AND THE NATION 2017


The aggravated assault arrest rate trend decreased in all three areas in the past decade, although the rate has begun to level out in the U.S. during the past four years. In the past decade,
aggravated assault arrests fell by 19.0 percent in Pennsylvania, by 25.9 percent in the Northeast, and by 16.4 percent for the U.S (Figure 7). The Northeast saw the largest decrease for these
groups, staying below the average for Pennsylvania and the U.S.

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RATE OF ARRESTS FOR AGGRATED ASSAULTS PER 100,000 COUNTY POPULATION 2017


The state’s average aggravated assault arrest rate was 109.0 assault arrests per person in 2017 (Figure 8). The five counties with the highest aggravated assault offense rates
in 2017 were Huntington (347.3), Schuylkill (292.5), Susquehanna (280.6), Wyoming (230.6), and Philadelphia (228.7). The five counties with the lowest aggravated assault
arrest rates in 2017 were Centre (29.5), Clarion (23.4), Cameron (21.8), Juniata (16.3), and Sullivan (0.0).

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Aggravated Assault 2017 - Clearances

PERCENT OF AGGRAVTED ASSAULTS CLEARED 2017


Aggravated assault cases have the highest clearance rate (67.6 percent) out of any of the violent crimes, followed by murder and rape (Figure 9). Clearances for aggravated assault increased by
0.4 percent from 2016 (Figure 10). In the past decade, clearance rates for aggravated assaults peaked in 2013 at 71.3 percent.

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Aggravated Assault 2017 - Other

REPORTED AGGRAVTED ASSAUTLS BY TYPE 2017


The most common type of aggravated assault in 2017 was strong arm assaults – physical altercations without the use of weapons (Figure 11). The use of knives or other cutting/stabbing
instruments was the least common form of aggravated assault in that year. In the past decade, all types of aggravated assault have decreased, although there was a recent increase in strong arm assaults (6.9 percent) in 2017. The use of other dangerous weapons experienced the largest decrease since 2008 (24.8 percent), while knife and cutting instrument assaults (21.4

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